FRAME Fostering Human Rights Among European Policies

Factors:

Human Rights Challenges and Protection in a Global Context

The first cluster of FRAME examines today’s challenges for the protection and promotion of human rights in a global context. It constitutes the foundations of a sound knowledge base for the assessment of EU human rights policy, encompassing the evolving factors, concepts, institutions and instruments underlying the protection and promotion of human rights at the EU, international and national levels. First, key cultural, economic, ethnical, historical, legal, political, religious, social and technological factors that facilitate or hamper the protection of human rights in the context of the EU’s external and internal policies will be analysed, taking into account challenges brought about by globalisation, with a focus on the access to basic rights [WP 2]. With regard to technological factors, special attention is given to the role of human rights in applying and developing information and communication technologies (ICTs). Second, one of the preliminary tasks of EU policy-makers is to identify which concepts central to the EU are to be represented and defended abroad. From the European perspective, the promotion of the concepts of human rights, democracy and the rule of law upon which is the Union is founded (as enshrined in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union (TEU)) is crucial in this regard. In recent years, some well-established human rights norms and their universal characteristics have been questioned at the global and regional levels [WP 3]. The formulation of working definitions of these concepts and the investigation of the extent European notions of these concepts are shared or contested by relevant third countries and international and regional organisations will be of central importance to the research undertaken in this regard. Third, a comprehensive assessment of the institutions and instruments operating to protect human rights at the various levels (e.g., monitoring bodies of the United Nations, regional institutions in various parts of the world and National Human Rights Institutions) will be provided [WP 4]. Through comparative analysis, the gaps, interactions, tensions and contradictions in these human rights protection systems will be evaluated, and quality standards for human rights monitoring will be developed.

Key Deliverables

    • Cross-sectional quantitative analysis of which factors enable/hinder human rights protection on basis of best available data
    • In-depth analysis of how factors influence the protection of human rights. Case studies in India, South Africa and Peru
    • Case study on interrelation of ICTs and human rights
    • Assessment of human rights, democracy and rule of law concepts
    • Case study on EU human rights dialogues with African Union, China, India, Egypt and Latin American country
    • Critical evaluation of human rights protection systems (institutions and instruments)
    • Case study on NHRIs
    • Development of quality standards for human rights monitoring