Toby Vogel is a political reporter at European Voice, an independent newsweekly on EU affairs, where he has also covered foreign policy, trade and development. He was previously an editor with Transitions Online (www.tol.org
), a news magazine on the former Communist world, and a regular contributor to RFE/RL's "Newsline". Before becoming a journalist, Vogel worked in management and advisory roles with the International Rescue Committee and the UN Development Programme, primarily in New York and Sarajevo. Vogel is a co-founder and senior associate of the Democratization Policy Council in Washington, DC, and Berlin; an associate of the Council for a Community of Democracies; and a fellow of the 21st Century Trust. He was educated at the University of Zurich (MA, philosophy, 1995) and completed his PhD coursework in politics at the New School for Social Research (MA, 1998). In 2003, Vogel was an Andrew W. Mellon Foundation research fellow on security and humanitarian action at City University of New York.